Sunday, July 22, 2012

"Huios"


 "For the anxious longing of the creature waits eagerly for the revealing (apokalupsis) of the sons (huios) of God. For the creation was subject to futility, not willingly, but because of Him who subjected it, in hope that th e creation itself also will be set free from its slavery to corruption into the freedom of the glory of the children of God(teknon). For we know that the whole creation groans and suffers the pains of childbirth until now. And not only this, but also we ourselves, having the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting eagerly for our adoption as sons(huiothesia)..." (Romans 8:19-23)
                                                     
In our world, when we see adoption in terms of taking a child from one family and making it a member of another. However, the Jew adopts even his own child.
Birth made him a child (teknon); adoption made him a son (huios). Between the period of birth and adoption, there were stages of growth, education and discipline, until the maturity was reached for adoption into sonship. This takes us to the story of the first Adam and the last Adam (Christ). While the former came to being as a grown/mature man, the latter had to go through the stages of growth, education, discipline etc until maturity was reached for adoption into sonship. It is God’s desire that His children ‘grow up’. It is only then and then only that one enters into his inheritance. Remember Paul who stated that ‘the heir, as long as he is a child, differeth nothing from a servant (slave), though he be lord of all’-Gal 4:1. A child brings joy to his parents while a son is a pride. Let me not outrun myself now coz we will get there (differences between a child and a son). When MATURE sons of God are made manifest, beloved (the man-child of Revelation 12), the enemy will lose his place, he will lose his kingdom, he will lose his title, he will even lose his evil grip on creation! He loses everything! "Now the salvation, and the power, and the kingdom of our God and the authority of His Christ has come, for the accuser of the brethren has been thrown down..." (Revelation 12:10)


The original Greek word translated as "revealing" in Romans 8:19 is the word "apokalupsis," which simply means "disclosure." In other places throughout the New Testament, it is also translated as "appearing," "coming," "enlighten," and "revelation." (Eph 1:17 for instance). The definition assigned to its root word is, "to take off the cover." Therefore, when we come across this word "apokalupsis" in Scripture, it has to do with the exposing of something that has been hidden from view, or bringing into light that which has been kept in obscurity. In this passage of scripture it should be pretty clear that what has been hidden and held in obscurity is ... the sons of God! Certainly even the understanding of sonship has been hidden from many Christians, but thank God, we are coming into a day of a great unveiling of God's inheritance in the saints.

As the above passage of scripture about the sons of God appears to us in English, "sons" could be taken in several different ways, but in the original language, Paul was very careful in his choice of words. For the word "sons" Paul very carefully chose the word "huios" rather than the word "nepious" (which means infant, minor, not speaking, immature) or "teknon" (which speaks of a child or a youth) because he was not referring to mere children. "Huios" specifically speaks of mature, fully developed sons, or those who have come of age into full maturity. Of the three words, "huios" is the only word that the Holy Spirit inspired Paul to use when he spoke of those to be manifested as sons of God in Romans 8(above).
You see, a sane father wouldn’t give his 7 year old child a car key to begin to drive neither will he send him out to go marry. Likewise, until we come into maturity, we may never be able to maximize all of God. Children are born; sons are given! Let’s continue by giving a low down of the life of an average Hebrew boy and how Jesus amplifies this. The first of these events was his "Circumcision," which occurred when he was an infant, at eight days old. This was the moment that he was marked as a "covenant man" in Israel, and was celebrated throughout the community. The second major event was his "Bar-Mitzvah," which took place as he was about to enter into puberty. Bar Mitzvah literally translates as "son of commandment." The word "bar" means "son" in Aramaic, which was the commonly spoken vernacular language of the Jewish people (and much of the Middle East) from around 500 B.C.E. to 400 C.E. The word "mitzvah" is Hebrew for "commandment." The term "bar mitzvah" refers to two things: it is used to describe a boy when he comes of age at 13-years-old and also refers to the religious ceremony that accompanies a boy becoming a Bar Mitzvah. Often a celebratory party will follow the ceremony and that party is also called a bar mitzvah. The word Bar-Mitzvah also means "a son accountable," and this signified the time, not only when he was held accountable for keeping the Commandments of God, but also when he was to become an apprentice under his father in the family business. This, too, was celebrated as a very special event in the life of the child, just as it is today. So for emphasis, Bar Mitzvah describes a boy coming into maturity and also the religious ceremony. When a Jewish boy turns 13-years-old he becomes a "bar mitzvah," whether or not the event is marked with a ceremony or celebration. According to Jewish custom this means that he is considered old enough to have certain rights and responsibilities. These include:

i.                     Performing Mitzvot: Jewish children are not required to perform mitzvot (plural for mitzvah, meaning "commandments"). While they are encouraged fulfill as many mitzvot as possible, the commandments are not obligatory until a boy becomes bar mitzvah. In traditional Jewish practice, a boy who has become bar mitzvah must observe mitzvot just like any adult. These include, but are not limited to, mitzvot  fasting, performing acts of tzedakah (charity) etc.
ii.                   Ethical Responsibility: While not all Jews observe mitzvot, all Jews do recognize that when a boy becomes bar mitzvah he has reached the age of moral and ethical accountability.
iii.                  Religious Services: A bar mitzvah has the right to participate in leading a religious service and also counts in a minyan. (A minyan is a gathering of at least ten men of bar mitzvah age or older. It is required to perform a full prayer service. Women of bat mitzvah age or older also count in some branches of Judaism).
iv.                Legal Rights: According to traditional Jewish law, a boy who has become bar mitzvah can sign a contract and testify in a court proceeding.
v.                  Marriage: In traditional Jewish law, a boy can technically be married when he becomes a bar Mitzvah. However, both ancient and modern sources recommend 16 to 18-years-old as the earliest point when a boy should be married. (Source:’judaism.about.com’)


The third event was what was known as the "Huiothesia," or the (young man's) "adoption ceremony." The word "Huiothesia” means "Son Placement," and indicates the time when a male child reached what was considered to be the age of maturity (somewhere around 30). At this time, the father of the young man would place his hand on the head of his son and openly proclaim, "This is my beloved son in whom I am well pleased! I bestow upon him now all of my riches and power and authority (through power of attorney) so that he might act on my behalf in all of my affairs." Note, this word (Huiothesia) occurs only five (5) times in the new testament. It is not found in the gospels although the proper meaning and/or principle is there as exemplified in the life of Jesus which will we see in the piece sequel to this. It also very key to note that
the word huiothesia is never used to mean make anyone a son. It is to place a son. Each son who is placed already exists as a son. My point, it’s high time we began ‘taking’ our place and ‘exercising our sonship’…
To be continued

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